Dogal Tree
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Dogal Tree
E Native Photo: Nidhan Singh
Common name: Dogal Tree • Assamese: Adung-umra, Mesaki, Mech • Bengali: Murichia, Brihota, Jogaliya shak • Garo: Mechaki, Dogal • Khasi: Khajathshear • Mishing: Ombe, Ambe • Mizo: Lehngo-chi-khat
Botanical name: Sarcochlamys pulcherrima    Family: Urticaceae (Nettle family)
Synonyms: Urtica pulcherrima, Sphaerotylos medogensis

Dogal Tree is a small evergreen tree or shrub, 2-6 m tall, with branchlets and leaf-stalks densely velvet-hairy. Stipules are triangular-ovate, 8-10 mm; leaf-stalk 2-6 cm; leaf blade lanceshaped to narrowly lanceshaped, 12-22 x 3-6 cm, thinly leathery, basal-lateral veins reaching to tip, secondary veins 3 or 4 pairs, upper surface dark green, nearly hairless, lower surface grayish woolly and appressed velvet-hairy on veins, base broadly wedge-shaped or subrounded, margin minutely toothed, tip tapering or long tapering. Flowers are borne in cyme-like panicles 7-9 cm, glomerules 2-4 mm in diameter. Male flowers are nearly stalkless, about 0.8 mm in diam. Female flowers are 0.3-0.5 mm. Achene are about 0.5 mm. Young shoots, leaves, and fruits are eaten as vegetable favored with pork, especially by Mishing people of Assam. Dogal Tree is found in Tropical rain forests, open and damp secondary forests on floodplains, at altitudes of 800-1400 m, in NW Yunnan, Bhutan, NE India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand. Flowering: April-June.
Medicinal uses: Leaves are used for feeding cattle, buffaloes and pig, tender leaves are recommended in diarrhoea and dysentery.

Identification credit: Nidhan Singh Photographed in Tippi, Arunachal Pradesh.

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