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ative Photo: Shaista Ahmad
Common name: Dandal • Hindi: dandal, katari, kandhara, katpatra, sialu, pansra, phalama, chirindi, chirandi, draindu • Manipuri: ꯅꯣꯡꯂꯩꯁꯥꯡ Nongleishang • Khasi: Dieng kani • Malayalam: kutta • Telugu: kondanerasi, nerasi, paddayi • Oriya: godya • Assamese: mota-koli, kataponial
Botanical name: Xylosma longifolia    Family: Salicaceae (Willow family)

Dandal is a tall shrub or a small tree, evergreen, 4-7 m tall. Bark is gray-brown, with spiny, hairless branchlets. Leaf stalk is 5-8 mm long, and the leaf blade narrowly elliptic, oblong-elliptic, oblong-lance- shaped, or narrowly obovate, 4-15 cm long and 2.5-5 cm wide, leathery, smooth, margin serrate, tip sharp. Flowers are borne in short racemes or reduced panicles, borne singly or in condensed clusters in leaf axils. Flowers are greenish, 2.5-3.5 mm in diameter. Flower stalks 1-2 mm, slender, puberulous. Sepals 4 or 5, persistent, ovate or lance-shaped, 1-2 mm. Berry is reported as red when ripe, drying black, spherical, 4-6 mm in diameter.

Identification credit: Navendu Pāgé Photographed in Lal Bagh Botanical Garden, Bangalore.

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