Damask Rose
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Damask Rose
ative Photo: Akhtar Malik
Common name: Damask Rose • Bengali: গোলাপ Golap • Hindi: गुलाब Gulab, Sudburg, Bussorah, फ़स्ती गुलाब Fasti gulab • Kannada: Gulabihuvu, Panniru, Tarana, Roja • Manipuri: ꯑꯗꯨꯔ ꯒꯨꯂꯥꯕ Adur-gulab • Marathi: गुलाब Gulab • Malayalam: panniruppu, പന്നീരപുശ്പമ് pannirpushpam • Telugu: Pannir roja, gulaabi poovvu • Sanskrit: Atimanjula, Lakshapushpa, Shatapatrika • Tamil: பந்நீரபூ Pannirpu, பந்நீரபுஸ்பம் Pannirpushpam • Urdu: Gulqand-gulab, Gul-e-surkh ﮔﹹﻞﹺ ﺳﹹﺮﺥ ﮔﹹﻠﻘﻨﺪ ﮔﹹﻼﺏ
Botanical name: Rosa x damascena    Family: Rosaceae (Rose family)

This extremely popular species of rose in India, is a cultivated hybrid, native to Asia Minor, introduced to Europe. Within India, it is cultivated throughout in gardens. More commonly known as the Damask rose or simply as "Damask", it is a rose hybrid, derived from Rosa gallica and Rosa moschata. It is a deciduous shrub growing to 2.2 m tall, the stems densely armed with stout, curved prickles and stiff bristles. The leaves are pinnate, with five (rarely seven) leaflets. They are renowned for their fine fragrance, and their flowers are commercially harvested for rose oil used in perfumery. In south India, it is used in garlands, and in making rose-water. The name panneer means rose-water.

Identification credit: Akhtar Malik Photographed in Kashmir University Botanical Garden.

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