Common Lawn Grass
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Common Lawn Grass
ative Photo: Surajit Koley
Common name: Common Lawn Grass, Bermuda Grass • Assamese: Dubari • Bengali: দুর্বা Durba • Hindi: दूब Doob, Dobri • Kannada: ಗಱಿಕೆ, ಗರಿಕೆ Garike, ಗಱಿಕೆಹುಲ್ಲು ಗರಿಕೆಹುಲ್ಲು Garikehullu, Balli garike, ಅಂಬಟೆಹುಲ್ಲು Ambate hullu • Manipuri: ꯇꯤꯡꯊꯧ Tingthou • Marathi: haryali, dhurva • Mizo: phaitualhnim • Oriya: dubbo ghas • Sanskrit: Niladurva, saddala, ananta • Tamil: Arugampillu, Arukampillu, muyalpul • Telugu: Ghericha, gerichagaddi • Urdu: Doob
Botanical name: Cynodon dactylon    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)

Common Lawn Grass is a grass native to north Africa, Asia and Australia and southern Europe. The name "Bermuda Grass" derives from its abundance as an invasive species on Bermuda; it does not occur naturally there. The blades are a grey-green colour and are short, usually 4-15 cm long with rough edges. The erect stems can grow 1-30 cm, rarely to 3 ft, tall. The stems are slightly flattened, often tinged purple in color. The seed heads are produced in a cluster of 3–7 spikes (rarely two) together at the top of the stem, each spike 3–6 cm long. It has a deep root system. In drought situations with penetrable soil, the root system can grow to over 2 m deep, though most of the root mass is less than 60 cm under the surface. The grass creeps along the ground and root wherever a node touches the ground, forming a dense mat. Common Lawn Grass reproduces through seeds, through runners and rhizomes.
Medicinal uses: It is used as a traditional herb in Ayurvedic medicine. Fresh plant juice/paste is good for local application on fresh cuts and injuries to stop bleeding. Root decoction is given in dropsy and secondary syphilis. Plant juice mixed with honey is given in diabetes. Rhizome is used in urinary disorder.

Identification credit: Gurcharan Singh Photographed in Hooghly & Delhi.

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