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P Introduced Unknown Photo: Tabish
Common name: Chrysanthemum, Florist's Chrysanthemum Florist's Daisy Garden Chrysanthemum Garden Hardy Chrysanthemum Garden Mum Hardy Garden Mum • Hindi: गुले दाऊदी Gul-e dawoodi • Manipuri: ꯆꯟꯗ꯭ꯔꯃꯨꯈꯤ Chandramukhi • Urdu: Gul dawoodi ﮔﹹﻞﹺ ﺩﺍﻭﹸﺩﯼ
Botanical name: Chrysanthemum x morifolium    Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)
Synonyms: Dendranthema x morifolium, Dendranthema x grandiflorum

Chrysanthemums are hybrid species of plant and have been cultivated since ancient times. The plant is 1-3 ft high and wide, which grows as a perennial herbaceous or slightly woody plant on the ground. The stems stand upright. The typical flower heads are radiated, that is to say formed of peripheral florets, female, zygomorphous, with ligules and central florets actinomorphous, tubulated, bisexual. The external bracts are herbaceous, with a narrow margin. In complex total inflorescences are some to many cup-shaped partial inflorescences together. The tongue flowers can have in the many varieties of colors of green, white, or yellow, pink to purple. There are varieties with simple flowers that look like daisies and varieties with double flowers, looking like pompoms more or less big. The leaves are broad ovate in outline and wedge-shaped in the leaf-stalk, the length of the leaves is more than 15 cm. The lower leaves are plumed, further up the stems they are increasingly entire. Deciduous leaves appear in the spring. They are alternate, lobed pinnatifid and toothed. They are up to 12 cm long, fleshy and covered with gray hairs. They exhale a strong smell when they are wrinkled. Chrysanthemums originated in East China, and are now cultivated worldwide.
Medicinal uses: Chrysanthemum flowers, known in China as Ju Hua, are a bitter aromatic herb that has been used for thousands of years in Chinese medicine. The flower heads are drunk as a refreshing tisane and are used to improve vision, soothe sore eyes, relieve headaches, counter infections etc.

Identification credit: Tabish Photographed in cultivation in Delhi.

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