Cathcart's Esmeralda
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Cathcart's Esmeralda
ative Photo: Nayan Jyoti Gogoi
Common name: Cathcart's Esmeralda
Botanical name: Esmeralda cathcartii    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Arachnanthe cathcartii, Arachnis cathcartii, Vanda cathcartii

Cathcart's Esmeralda is a giant sized, warm to cool growing, vanda-like epiphytic orchid with an elongate stem. Alternately arranged leaves are oblong, leathery. The plant blooms in the spring and summer on a stout, axillary, 18 cm long, pendulous or horizontal, 3-6 flowered inflorescence. Flowers are waxy, very fragrant, long-lived flowers. For cultivation, the plant needs a wood slat basket and cultural conditions similar to Vanda. Cathcart's Esmeralda is found in the NE India, eastern Himalayas, Nepal, Bhutan and Sikkim in tropical broadleaf forests near streams in cool shade at elevations of 600-2000 m.

Identification credit: Nayan Jyoti Gogoi
Photographed in Mouling National Park, Arunachal Pradesh.
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