Broadleaf Helleborine
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Broadleaf Helleborine
ative Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Broadleaf Helleborine, Broad Leaved Helleborine
Botanical name: Epipactis helleborine    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)
Synonyms: Epipactis latifolia, Helleborine macrostachya, Serapias helleborine

Broadleaf Helleborine is a herb up to 60-100 cm tall. Leaves spreading, ovate to ovate-lanceolate. Inflorescence normally densely many-flowered, up to 25 cm long. Bracts lanceolate, lower exceeding flowers, the upper decreasing in size. Sepals and petals are relatively short and blunt, resulting in a cup-shaped flower. Sepals are yellowish-green. Petals ovate, pale green, pink, purple, or yellowish, 9–11 x 4–6 mm. Lip is indistinctly veined, constricted at middle into 2 parts. Inner part is cup-shaped, outside green, inside dark shining olive-brown, with nectar. Broadleaf Helleborine is found from Europe to China, including the Himalayas, at altitudes of 200-3600 m. Flowering: June-August.

Identification credit: Thangjam Hindustani, Pankaj Kumar Photographed in Kufri, Himachal Pradesh.

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