Bristly Starbur
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Bristly Starbur
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Bristly Starbur, goat's head, goathead, hispid starburr, starburr, Texas cockspur • Kannada: ಕಡ್ಲೆಮುಳ್ಳು Kadlemullu, ಕಡಲೆ ಮುಳ್ಳು Kadale mullu • Marathi: Landga • Telugu: Palleru • Kannada: kadle mullu • Oriya: Kantagokhru
Botanical name: Acanthospermum hispidum     Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)

Bristly Starbur is an annual herb characterized by hairy stem, yellow-green florets, opposite leaves and fruits with hooked spines. Stems are erect, 20-80 cm long, diffusely branched, velvety with long hairs. Leaves are elliptic to ovate, 2-10 cm long, 1-7 cm wide, with glands on lower surface. Leaf margins are toothed to nearly entire, gradually tapering to the base, stalkless. Flower-heads are yellow, 4-5 mm in diameter. Burs are wedge-shaped, strongly compressed, 4-7 mm long, the ribs bearing 1-2 rows of hooked prickles 1-2 mm long, the 2 apical prickles stout, curved or straight, 3-4 mm long.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale Photographed in Maharashtra.

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