Brazilian Guava
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Brazilian Guava
P Introduced Photo: Preetha P.S.
Common name: Brazilian Guava
Botanical name: Psidium guineense    Family: Myrtaceae (Bottlebrush family)
Synonyms: Guajava guineensis, Guajava laurifolia

Brazilian Guava can be a shrub 1 to 3 meters tall or a tree reaching 7 m. The bark and foliage are grayish. The leaves are up to 14 cm long by 8 cm wide. The stiff, oval-shaped blades sometimes have toothed edges. The undersides are very glandular and are coated in pale or reddish hairs. Flowers grow in the leaf axils, singly or in clusters of up to 3. The flowers have white petals and many stamens, and are fragrant. The fruit is firm, rounded, and up to 2.5 cm wide. It has a yellow skin, a yellow outer pulp and whitish inner pulp containing many seeds. The pulp of the fruit is said to have a tart, strawberry-like taste. It has also been described as bitter. Different varieties have different tastes, and some are sweet enough to eat as raw fruit. The native range of this species is Mexico to Tropical America - it is cultivated in South India.

Identification credit: Preetha P.S. Photographed in Vizhinjam, Kerala.

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