Black Rosewood
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Black Rosewood
ative Photo: Dinesh Valke
Common name: Black Rosewood, blackwood tree, Bombay blackwood, East Indian rosewood, Indian blackwood, Indian palisandre, Indian rosewood, Java palisandre, Malabar rosewood, Roseta rosewood • Hindi: काला शीशम Kala-shisham, विलायती शीशम Vilayati shisham • Kannada: ಬೀಟೆ Beete, ಇಬಡಿ Ibadi, ಇಬಟಿ Ibati, ಇಬ್ಬೀಡೆ Ibbeede, ಕರೇವ್ಯಾಡಿ Karevyaadi • Marathi: काळारुख Kalarukh, शिसव Sisau • Malayalam: ഈട്ടി Itti, കരിവീട്ടി Karivittti, വീട്ടി Viitti • Nepali: सतिसाल Satisal • Konkani: सीसो siso • Sanskrit: शिंशपा shinshapa • Tamil: நூக்கம் nukkam, தோதகத்தி totakatti • Telugu: ఇరుగుడుచెట్టు iruguducettu
Botanical name: Dalbergia latifolia    Family: Fabaceae (Pea family)
Synonyms: Amerimnon latifolium, Dalbergia javanica

Black Rosewood is predominantly a single-stemmed deciduous tree with a dome shaped crown of lush green foliage. The tree can become 20-40 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 1.5-2 m. The bark is gray, thin with irregular short cracks, peeling in fibrous longitudinal flakes. Alternately arranged leaves are odd-pinnate with 5-7 unequal sized leaflets originating from the same rachis. Leaflets are broadly blunt-tipped, dark green above and pale below. White flowers are borne in panicles, 0.5-1 cm long, in leaf axils. The brown pods are oblong-lancelike, and pointed at both ends. They contain 1-4 smooth brown seeds and do not open at maturity. The species name latifolia means broad-leaved. Black Rosewood is found in the Indian Subcontinent, the Himalaya at altitudes of 300-1000 m, Andaman Islands and Jawa.

Identification credit: Dinesh Valke Photographed at Vaghbil, Thane, Maharashtra.

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