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ntroduced Photo: Narendra Joshi
Common name: Batino, devil-tree, hard alstonia • Marathi: मोठी सातवीन Mothi Saatveen • Kannada: Janthaala mara
Botanical name: Alstonia macrophylla    Family: Apocynaceae (Oleander family)

Batino is common in forests and thickets at low and medium altitudes in many parts of South-East Asia. It was introduced in India and Sri Lanka. It is a medium-sized evergreen tree. The leaves are in whorls of three, oblong-obovate, 10-30 cm long, 5-7 cm wide, pointed at both ends, and short-stalked. The flowers are small, yellowish-white, and borne on short cymes at the end of branches. The sepal cup is small. The flowers consist of a 1-1.5 cm long tube, opening into 5 pure-white petals. The fruit is a double follicle, pendant, very long, and slender, being 20-40 cm long. The seeds are small and very flat, with deep-brown, especially along the edges.
Medicinal uses: In Philippines the bark, in the form of powder, decoction, infusion, tincture, or wine preparation, is used as a febrifuge, a tonic, an antiperiodic, and antidysenteric.

Identification credit: Narendra Joshi
Photographed in Mumbai.
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