Common name: Umbrella Sedge, Nutgrass, Nutsedge, Purple Nutsedge • Hindi: नागरमोथा Nagarmotha • Marathi: lawala • Tamil: koraikkilangu, nakamuttakkacu • Malayalam: korakizhanna • Telugu: kolatungamuste, tungagaddalaveru • Kannada: konnarigadda, nagarmusthe • Urdu: Nagarmotha, Sadkofi • Sanskrit: chakranksha, charukesara, chudalapindamusta, kachharuha, kalapini, nadeyi, nagar-mustaka
Botanical name: Cyperus scariosus Family: Cyperaceae (Sedge family)
Umbrella Sedge is a perennial herb, about a meter tall, arising from
rhizomes and tubers. The stems are 3-sided and triangular in cross section
and there is an umbrella-like tuft of long narrow leaves at the top. The
leaves are yellow to green in color with a distinct ridge.
The plant has red-brown flower spikelets with up to 40 individual flowers.
The dried tuberous roots are collected, dried and used in traditional
medicine. Nutgrass is used in hair - and skin care products. It stimulates
sebaceous glands near hair roots. Also interesting is that the oil, an
amber viscous liquid, extracted from this plant is used in perfumery.
The tubers are credited with astringent,
diaphoretic, diuretic, dessicant, cordial and stomachic properties. A
decoction of the tuber is used for washing hair, treating gonorrhea and
syphilis. It is also given in diarrhea and for general weakness.
|Photographed in Lodhi Garden, Delhi.|