FoI
Sulphur Cinnamon   
Foto info
Sulphur Cinnamon
ative
Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Sulphur Cinnamon • Kannada: Matta daalchini • Malayalam: Kattukaruva
Botanical name: Cinnamomum sulphuratum    Family: Lauraceae (Laurel family)

Sulphur Cinnamon is a tree up to 8 m tall with smooth bark. Branchlets are slender, angular, densely, minutely yellow haory. Leaves are simple, opposite to subopposite, petiole 1-1.3 cm, planoconvex in cross section. Blade is 5-12 x 2.5-5 cm, ovate to ovate-elliptic to elliptic-lanceolate, tip pointed to long-pointed, base wedge-shaped to narrowing into the stalk, margin entire, velety when young, later hairless, leathery. Leaf is trinerved basally or suprabasally, lateral nerves reaching leaf tip. Flowers are borne in lax velvety panicles, up to 15 cm long, in leaf axils. Flowers are yellow, tube 1-1.5 mm long, densely yellow hairy on both sides, tepals 6, 2-4 mm long, ovate, pointed, yellow hairy on both sides. Ovary is half inferior, ellipsoid, as long as the style, stigma minute, peltate. Berry is ellipsoid, 1.5 cm long, fruiting perianth cup shallow with distinct persistent ovate lobes. Sulphur Cinnamon is endemic to the Western Ghats - South and Central Sahyadris.

Identification credit: Santhosh Kumar
Photographed in Mullayanagiri region, Karnataka.
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