FoI
South-Indian Snake Root   
Foto info
South-Indian Snake Root
P Native Photo: S. Kasim
Common name: South-Indian Snake Root
Botanical name: Rauvolfia beddomei    Family: Apocynaceae (Oleander family)
Synonyms: Rauvolfia hookeri, Tabernaemontana verticillata

South-Indian Snake Root is a large dichotomously branched shrub. Leaves are usually ternate, 4-10 x 2-3.5 cm, elliptic lanceshaped, tapering at tip, narrowed at base. Flowers are borne in cymes in leaf-axils, dichotomously branched. Flower-cluster-stalks are slender, 3-8 cm long. Flowers are small, pinkish white, sepals 5, 2-3 mm long. Flower-tube is 4-5 mm long, inflated below the throat at attachment of stamens; throat hairy; petals are 5, 1-2 mm long. Stamens are 5, not protruding. tip. Fruits are partially fused, each 5-6 mm long, 3-5 mm wide, ovoid, beaked, purple on ripening; seeds 1-2, rugose. South-Indian Snake Root is endemic to Southern Western Ghats, confined to Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Flowering: October-April.

Identification credit: S. Kasim Photographed in Wagaman, Kerala.

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