Scarlet Bauhinia   
Foto info
Scarlet Bauhinia
ative Photo: C. Susanth
Common name: Scarlet Bauhinia • Kannada: Kembattuballi, Kempayataballi, Kembattu balli, Kempu yatha balli
Botanical name: Bauhinia phoenicea    Family: Caesalpiniaceae (Gulmohar family)

Scarlet Bauhinia is a very interesting large climbing shrub found in the Western Ghats. Alternately arranged leaves are ovate, oblong, tip rounded, bi-lobed, and base heart-shaped. Leaves are 8.5-14 cm long, 5-10 cm wide, prominently nerved, nerves 8-9. arising from the base. Flowers are scarlet red, borne in few-flowered corymbs in leaf axils or at the end of branches. Sepal tube is five-lobed, fused in bud, splits on one side on maturity. Petals are 5, scarlet red, unequal, long clawed. Stamens are 5, all fertile. Fruit is red, flat pod, thickened along one seam. Flowering: January-March.

Identification credit: R. Vijayasankar
Photographed in Kerala.
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