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Rose Sandalwood
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Rose Sandalwood
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Rose Sandalwood • Assamese: পৰেং poreng • Bengali: অট্ট জাম atta jam • Kannada: ಬಿಳಿ ಸರಳಿ Bili sarali, ಹೆಜ್ಜೆ ಕರಕಲು Hejje karakalu, ಹೆಕ್ಕೆರಕಲು Hekkerakalu, ಅಕ್ಕರಕಲು Akkarakalu, ಪನ್ನೀರುಗಂಧ Panneeru gandha, ಸಡ್ಳಿ Sadli, ಎಡಲ Edala, ಬಾರನೂಕ Baaranooka • Lepcha: timburnyok • Malayalam: ഇടല itala, കരിവെട്ടി karivetti, പാലരണ palarana, മണിത്താളി manittali,വയല vayala • Marathi: करंब karamba, लौकी lauki, पारजांब parjamba • Nepali: काला किकोने kala kikone, काला किमोनी kala kimoni • Tamil: இடலை italai, காட்டொலிவம் kattolivam • Tulu: ಬಿಳಿ ಸರೊಳಿ bili saroli Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Olea dioica    Family: Oleaceae (Jasmine family)

Rose Sandal Wood is a tree up to 15 m tall, native to the Indian subcontinent. The bark is grey, smooth. Oblong-elliptic leaves are pointed at both the ends, 7-12 cm long. They are hairless, leathery, with margins which are either distantly serrate (with strong teeth) or entire. Panicles of flowers are oppositely arranged, and spring out in branchlets below the leaves. Flowers are small, greenish white, sometimes with a pinkish tinge. The fleshy fruit is circular, purplish. This tree is found in the Khandala and Mahabaleshwar region of Maharashtra. Flowering: December-March.

Identification credit: Prashant Awale, Shrikant Ingalhalikar Photographed in Chandoli forest, Maharashtra.

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