Botanical name: Cissus verticillata Family: Vitaceae (Grape family)
Synonyms: Cissus ovata, Cissus officinalis, Cissus nitida, Cissus cordifolia
Princess Vine is often a very large, woody vine, frequently climbing over tall trees, the stems thick and tough, very flexible. Leaves simple, on long or short leaf-stalks, oblong-ovate to rounded-ovate, sometimes very asymmetric, 4-16 cm long, blunt to tapering, rounded to heart-shaped at the base, coarsely or finely sawtoothed, usually densely velvet-hairy but sometimes almost hairless. Flowers are borne in small or large, stalked cymes, usually dense and shorter than the opposing leaves, sometimes lax and open, velvet-hairy. Flowers green or yellowish green; fruit spherical-obovoid, black at maturity, 1-seeded, about 6 mm long in the dry state. The vine produces many long aerial roots that dangle loosely from the tree branches or sometimes strike root in the ground. The vines exhibits a great deal of variation in the hairiness and leaf form, as a result of which lot of varieties were named. Princess Vine is native to Latin American region.
Medicinal uses: The modern medicinal usages come from Brazil and include: antipyretic (the herb in Brazilian ethnomedicine) and anti-inflammatory applications; against epilepsy (or at least as an anticonvulsive); externally: in haemorrhage and abscesses.
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