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Paramjit Balsam
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Paramjit Balsam
P Native Photo: Momang Taram
Common name: Paramjit Balsam
Botanical name: Impatiens paramjitiana    Family: Balsaminaceae (Balsam family)

Paramjit Balsam is a newly described (2014) perennial non fleshy herb, unbranched or sparsely branched, up to 70 cm tall, with deep purple flowers with an elongated tail. It is named for Dr. Paramjit Singh, distinguished Indian scientist and director, Botanical Survey India for his contribution to Indian plant taxonomy. Flowers are borne singly in leaf-axils, on pink flower-cluster-stalk 2-2.5 cm long, pink. Lateral sepals are 2, about 8 x 6 mm, obliquely ovate, purple; transparent, membranous. Lower sepal is boat-shaped, tapering in to a spur, white with purple streaks, up to 1.5 cm deep, spur up to 2.5 cm, linear straight to slightly bending in ward, tip white. Dorsal petal is about 1.2 x 0.8 cm, ovate, tip pointed to slightly notched, shallowly hoodlike, purple. Lateral united petals are up to 1.5 x 0.6 cm, bilobed, unequal, purple, without any blotches, basal lobe unevenly triangular, tip blunt, not clawed, distal lobe unevenly axe-shaped, tip rounded, up to 9 x 6 mm, ear present at the base, golden yellow, up to 1.5 mm long, margin entire. Stamens are up to 4 mm long. Bract are about 7 x 5 mm, ovate, situated at the base of the flower-stalk, persistent, green. Stem is round, slightly ridged, purplish; nodes not swollen. Leaves are confined to upper portion of the stem, spirally arranged; leaf-stalk 1.5-10 cm long, purple, with few pairs of thread-like glands; blade 2.5-12 x 1-6 cm, simple, elliptic, hairless, shiny, velvety; veins up to 12 pairs, tip pointed to slightly tapering;, margin rounded toothed, bristly between teeth. Capsule is up to 1.5 x 0.5 cm, swollen in the middle, ridged, hairless, green. Paramjit Balsam grows at elevation of about 400 m, in moist shady areas, only in the Upper Subansiri district of Arunachal Pradesh (as of now). Flowering: July-September.

Identification credit: Momang Taram Photographed in Upper Subansiri district, Arunachal Pradesh.

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