Botanical name: Sapindus emarginatus Family: Sapindaceae (Soapberry family)
Notched Leaf Soapnut is a medium to large size deciduous tree growing up to 18 m tall, with a 1.5 m trunk girth. Bark is grey, shiny, covered with rough falling scales. Leaves are pinnate, 12-30 cm long. Leaflets are 2-3 pairs, lance-shaped, elliptic or oblong, long pointed or with a notched tip, dull above. Flowers are white, polygamous, male flowers, numerous, a few bisexual, both found in the same rusty-velvety panicles. Bisexual flowers provide ample pollen and nectar to bees. Fruits are fleshy, 2-3 partially united, seeds pea-size, enclosed in a blackish, hard endocarp. Flowering: October-December.
Medicinal uses: Fruits possess several medicinal properties and are widely used for example in the treatment of asthma, colic and dysentery, and during childbirth.
Identification credit: J.M. Garg, Dinesh Valke, Tanay Bose, Satish Phadke
The flower labeled Notched Leaf Soapnut is ...