Northern Barberry   
Foto info
Northern Barberry
P Native Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Northern Barberry
Botanical name: Berberis borealis    Family: Berberidaceae (Barberry family)
Synonyms: Mahonia borealis Takeda

Northern Barberry is a shrub, 1.5-4 m tall, hairless. Flowers are borne in spike-like cylindric racemes, 8-12 cm long in fruit, fascicled, 4-9 together with thick, striped axis. Flowers are about 8 mm across, yellowish; flower-stalks 2.5-4 mm long in fruit, with a small disc-shaped tip with fruit seated on it; bracts 3-5 mm long, 1-1.5 mm broad, often slightly exceeding the flower-stalks. Leaves are imparipinnate, large, with 5-9 pairs of opposite leaflets, lowest pair smallest and almost at the base of leaf, leaflets variable in size, mostly oblong-ovate, 2.5-10 cm long, 1.5-4 cm broad, pointed, distantly 4-8 spiny-sawtoothed, usually dull grey-green above. Berries are 5-8 mm long, about 5 mm broad (excluding 1-2 mm long style), spherical to ovoid, powdery, blue, 2-4-seeded. Northern Barberry is found in the Himalayas, from Uttarakhand to Sikkim, at altitudes of 1600-2700 m. Flowering: February-May.

Photographed in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand.

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