FoI
Mishmi Balsam   
Foto info
Mishmi Balsam
P Native Photo: Tabish
Common name: Mishmi Balsam
Botanical name: Impatiens mishmiensis    Family: Balsaminaceae (Balsam family)

Mishmi Balsam is a perennial species with a tall, upright growth habit that can grow up to 1.5 m tall. It's a robust plant, with oversized leaves that can get 6 inches long. Flowers are borne in leaf-axils, in broken whorls or in leaf-axils umbels, flower-cluster-stalks stout, about 7-15 cm long. Flowers are white, about 2-3.5 cm across, flower-stalk slender, about 1.5-2.5 cm long, bracts whorled, persistent, about 8 mm long, sepals 3, overlapping, 2 lateral ones flat, small, broadly ovate, tip tapering, hairless, about 8 x 7 mm long, posterior sepal (lip) large, petal-like, horn-shaped, flesh colored, about 1.5-1.8 x 1.4-1.5 cm across, spurred, spur thread-like, abruptly constricted, curved, about 1.5-2.5 cm long. Upper standard petal is keeled or hoodlike, nearly round-inverted-heart-shaped, spurred bluntly on the back, flesh colored, lateral ones (wings), fused in pairs, clawed or bilobed, basal lobes elliptic-oblong, distal lobes semi-elliptic, margins entire, yellow tinged and two yellow spots, dorsal ear present, short, curved. Stamens 5, anthers bi-locular. Leaves are clustered or densely crowded near the shoot, variable, elliptic to inverted-lanceshaped-elliptic or rarely narrow obovate, about 10-18 x 2.8-5 cm across, base wedge-shaped to shallow heart-shaped, margins rounded toothed-toothed with few thread-like appendages about 1 mm long more towards the base, tip somewhat pointed to tapering, lateral veins about 9-16 on either side of the midrib, papery, dark green above and paler, velvet-hairy on midrib beneath, leaf-stalk slender, about 3-6 cm long, stipular glands absent. Fruit is narrow spindle-shaped or linear, about 1.8-2.2 cm long, hairless. Mishmi Balsam is found in Eastern Himalaya, in Assam, Arunachal Pradesh.

Photographed in East Siang district, Arunachal Pradesh.

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