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Malabar Nutmeg   
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Malabar Nutmeg
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Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Malabar Nutmeg • Hindi: बम्बे जायफल Bambay-jayphal, वन जायफल Van-jayphal • Kannada: Kanage, Doddajajikai • Malayalam: Kattujathi, Kattujathikka, Kottappannu, Panampalka, Pathiripoovu, Ponnampannu, Ponnampayin, Ponnampu • Marathi: रामपत्री Raampatri • Sanskrit: asana, bandhukapushpa, gostani, jatiphala • Tamil: colaivenkai, katjathika, kattu jatikkai • Telugu: adavijajikaaya, adavijajikaya, adividzajikaya
Botanical name: Myristica malabarica    Family: Myristicaceae (Nutmeg family)

Malabar Nutmeg is a tree about 25 m tall. Bark is greenish-black, smooth; blaze reddish. Branches are horizontal, branchlets round, hairless. Red sap oozes from cut end of bark. Alternately arranged leaves, 9.5-22 x 3.7-10 cm, are elliptic or elliptic-oblong, tip pointed, base narrow or flat, margin entire, glossy above, hairless and glaucous beneath, leathery. Leaf-stalks are 1.0-1.5 cm long. Midrib is raised above, secondary_nerves 8-14 pairs. Flowers are unisexual, urn-shaped, white. Male flowers are numerous, smaller than female flowers, borne in cymes in leaf axils. Female flowers are borne in 5-6 flowered umbels. Capsule is 5-7.5 x 1.8-3.5, oblong, velvety, with one oblong seed. Aril covering the seed yellow and stringy. Malabar Nutmeg is endemic to the Western Ghats - South and Central Sahyadris.

Identification credit: K.V. Saji
Photographed enroute to Shigekeri, North Karnataka.
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