FoI
Indian Whitehead   
Foto info
Indian Whitehead
P Native Herb
Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Indian Whitehead • Hindi: छोटा चिरायत Chota chirayata, katvinayi, नामे Naame, Nahli, Nawari • Kannada: ಚಿಕ್ಕಾ ಚಿರಾಯತ Chikka chiraayuta • Malayalam: വല്ലാരി Vallari, Vellaruku • Sanskrit: Mamajjakah, नागजिह्वा Nagajihva, Nahi • Tamil: Vallari, Vellarugu, Arukumuli, Chakkiraviraiyanantan • Telugu: Nelagolimidi, Nelagurugudu
Botanical name: Enicostema axillare    Family: Gentianaceae (Gentian family)

Indian Whitehead is a perennial herb growing up to 40 cm tall, with 4-angled stems. Leaves are narrow-oblong, lanceshaped. STalkless white flowers are borne in dense clusters in leaf axils. This species is globally distributed in West Indies, tropical Africa, India and Sri Lanka. It is found almost throughout India upto an altitude of about 450 m., from Punjab and the Gangetic plains southwards, most commonly in coastal areas. costal areas. Flowering: June-January.
Medicinal uses: The plant is used in folk medicine to treat diabetes mellitus, rheumatisum, abdominal ulcers, hernia, swelling, itching and insect poisoning.
Identification credit: Shrikant Ingalhalikar
Photographed in Mumbai.