Indian Barberry   
Foto info
Indian Barberry
D Native Shrub
Photo: Nongthombam Ullysess
Common name: Indian Barberry, Boxthorn Barberry • Hindi: Darhaldi, Chatrol • Kumaon: Kirmora • Urdu: इशकीन Ishkeen, Kushmul, Zarch • Gujarati: કસમલ Kasmal
Botanical name: Berberis lycium    Family: Berberidaceae (Barberry family)

Indian Barberry is a semi deciduous shrub, 2-4 m high, leaves lanceolate or narrowly obovate-oblong, entire or with a few large spinous teeth, arranged alternately on stem. Inflorescence a raceme, flowers yellow born in axillary clusters longer than the leaves. Fruit, berries, black. Flowering: March-June
Medicinal uses: Indian Barberry's roots are used as remedy for swollen and sore eyes, broken bones, wounds, gonorrhea, curative piles, unhealthy ulcers, acute conjunctive and in chronic opthalmia, also used as bitter tonic astringent, diaphoretic and febrifuge. Leaves are given in jaundice.
Identification credit: Nongthombam Ullysess
Photographed in Mussoorie, Uttarakhand.

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