FoI
Himalayan Grass-Leaf Orchid   
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Himalayan Grass-Leaf Orchid
P Native Photo: Archana Sharma
Common name: Himalayan Grass-Leaf Orchid
Botanical name: Agrostophyllum callosum    Family: Orchidaceae (Orchid family)

Himalayan Grass-Leaf Orchid is a small to medium sized orchid growing on ground or trees,with a branching rhizome giving rise to erect, 1-2 ft long, unbranched, slender stems. The stems carry many grass-like, papery leaves, 8-13 x 0.4-0.8 cm, which are tapering gradually from base to tip, unequally rounded-bilobed at tip. The plant blooms with short, densely several to many flowered head-like inflorescence at branch ends. Flowers are reddish or white and tinged with purplish red; flower-stalk very short; ovary 5-6 mm. Dorsal sepal round, about 4 mm; lateral sepals broadly ovate-round, about 4 x 5 mm, base embracing lip. Petals somewhat rhombic-elliptic, about 2.5 x 3 mm, base contracted; lip broadly oblong, about 3.5 mm, slightly contracted at middle, base shallowly saclike, inside with a callus; callus laterally 2-branched. Column about 2 mm. Capsule is ellipsoid, about 5 x 3.5 mm. Himalayan Grass-Leaf Orchid is found in dense forests in Eastern Himalayas, at altitudes of 900-2400 m, in NE India, Myanmar, Nepal, Thailand, Vietnam, China. Flowering: July-August.

Identification credit: Archana Sharma Photographed in Arunachal Pradesh.

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