Golden Beardgrass   
Foto info
Golden Beardgrass
ative Photo: Prashant Awale
Common name: Golden Beardgrass, lovegrass, Mackie's pest, needle grass, seed grass, spear grass • Assamese: bonguti • Bengali: chorkanta • Hindi: lampa, surwala • Kannada: chorapushpi, heggara hakkarinike • Malayalam: kudira-pullu • Manipuri: pakhra-lukhra • Sanskrit: chorapushpi, keshini, shunkhini • Tamil: kampuputpi, amaraputpi • Telugu: katle chettu, katle gaddi, shankapushpi chettu
Botanical name: Chrysopogon aciculatus    Family: Poaceae (Grass family)
Synonyms: Andropogon aciculatus, Andropogon acicularis

Golden Beardgrass is a perennial grass, with stolons extensively creeping, covered with imbricate scale-like old sheaths, sending up numerous sterile leafy shoots. Stems (culms) are 15-25 cm tall, ascending or erect from a prostrate base. Sheaths are 1-3 cm long or the uppermost up to 6 cm long, channeled, sometimes purple-tinged, imbricate, sparsely pilose at throat and along margins. Ligule is a densely ciliate ridge ca 0.2 mm long. Leaves are 2-8 cm long, 3-5 mm wide. Flowers panicles are reddish purple, narrowly elliptic, 3-6 cm long, the branches " whorled, 0.5-1.5 cm long, slender, stiffly ascending or appressed. Spikelet clusters are 6-8 mm long. Stalkless spikelet is 3-4 mm long, pointed, glabrous, hispidulous- scabrous on upper margins, callus pubescent, oblique, about 4 mm long. first glume lanceolate, dorsally flattened, ca. 3.8 mm long, 2-nerved, bifid, scabrid-setose, margins revolute, second glume narrowly boat-shaped, ca. 3.4 mm long, 3-nerved, the midnerve prolonged into a short, scabrid-setose awn ca. 0.8 mm long, margins delicately hyaline, pubescent, first lemma ca. 2.8 mm long, delicately hyaline, margins pubescent, second lemma 2.5-3 mm long, narrow, delicately hyaline, tapering into an awn ca. 5 mm long, palea delicately hyaline, oblong- acute, ca. 1.6 mm long; pedicellate spikelets purple, pedicels 2-3 mm long, hispidulous at apex, glumes ca. 5 mm long, scabrous at apex, acuminate or awn-pointed, first floret sterile, second floret staminate, lemmas about equal, awnless, shorter than glumes.

Identification credit: R. Vijayasankar, Ritesh Kumar
Photographed in Andaman & Nicobar.
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