East-Indian Screw Tree   
Foto info
East-Indian Screw Tree
ative Photo: Pravin Kawale
Common name: East-Indian screw tree, Nut-leaved screw tree • Hindi: मरोड़ फली Maror phali • Marathi: मुरुड शेंग Murud sheng • Sanskrit: म्रिग श्रिंग Mriga Shringa • Kannada: Yedmuri • Telugu: Valambiri • Tamil: Vadampiri • Bengali: Antamora • Nepali: मृगसिङ्गा Mrigasingaa, फार्सा Phaarsaa, कपासे Kapaase, मरोर्फली Marorphali
Botanical name: Helicteres isora     Family: Sterculiaceae (Cacao family)

East-Indian screw tree is a sub-deciduous shrub or small tree with grey coloured bark. Leaves simple, serrate margin, scabrous above and pubescent beneath. Flowers solitary or in sparse clusters, with red petals turning pale blue when old. Fruits greenish brown, beaked, cylindrical, spirally twisted on ripening. The twisted shape of the fruit is what lends most of it names like screw tree and maror phali.
Medicinal uses: The roots and stem barks are considered to be expectorant, demulcent, astringent and antiglactagogue. Bark is used in diarrhoea, dysentery, scbies, biliousness and is useful in gripping of the bowels. Root juice is used in antidiarrhoeal and antidysenteric formulations. Fried pods are given to children to kill intestinal worms.

Identification credit: Pravin Kawale Photographed in Lonavala, Maharashtra & Goa.

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