Botanical name: Sarcochlamys pulcherrima Family: Urticaceae (Nettle family)
Synonyms: Urtica pulcherrima, Sphaerotylos medogensis
Dogal Tree is a small evergreen tree or shrub, 2-6 m tall, with branchlets and leaf-stalks densely velvet-hairy. Stipules are triangular-ovate, 8-10 mm; leaf-stalk 2-6 cm; leaf blade lanceshaped to narrowly lanceshaped, 12-22 x 3-6 cm, thinly leathery, basal-lateral veins reaching to tip, secondary veins 3 or 4 pairs, upper surface dark green, nearly hairless, lower surface grayish woolly and appressed velvet-hairy on veins, base broadly wedge-shaped or subrounded, margin minutely toothed, tip tapering or long tapering. Flowers are borne in cyme-like panicles 7-9 cm, glomerules 2-4 mm in diameter. Male flowers are nearly stalkless, about 0.8 mm in diam. Female flowers are 0.3-0.5 mm. Achene are about 0.5 mm. Young shoots, leaves, and fruits are eaten as vegetable favored with pork, especially by Mishing people of Assam. Dogal Tree is found in Tropical rain forests, open and damp secondary forests on floodplains, at altitudes of 800-1400 m, in NW Yunnan, Bhutan, NE India, Indonesia, Myanmar, Thailand. Flowering: April-June.
Medicinal uses: Leaves are used for feeding cattle, buffaloes and pig, tender leaves are recommended in diarrhoea and dysentery.
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