Common name: Chrysanthemum • Hindi: चंद्रमल्लिका Chandramallika • Manipuri: চন্দ্রমুখী Chandramukhi • Tamil: சாமந்தி Saamandi, ஜவந்தி Javandi
Botanical name: Chrysanthemum indicum Family: Asteraceae (Sunflower family)
Chrysanthemum is a genus of about 30 species of perennial flowering plants in
the family Asteraceae, native to Asia and northeastern Europe. Amongst
florists and in the floral industry, they are commonly referred to as "mums".
The genus once included many more species, but was split several decades ago
into several genera; the naming of the genera has been contentious, but a
ruling of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature in 1999 has
resulted in the defining species of the genus being changed to Chrysanthemum
indicum, thereby restoring the economically important florist's chrysanthemum
to the genus Chrysanthemum. These species were, after the splitting of the
genus but before the ICBN ruling, commonly treated under the genus name
Dendranthema. The species of Chrysanthemum are herbaceous perennial plants
growing to 50-150 cm tall, with deeply lobed leaves and large flowerheads,
white, yellow or pink in the wild species.
They belong to the Sunflower family, Compositae. Their flowers come in every color
except blue. Their blooms come in a huge variety of shapes and sizes.
|Photographed in Jamia Millia,