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Caesarweed
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Caesarweed
aturalized Photo: Thingnam Girija
Common name: Caesarweed, Aramina, Bur mallow, Cadillo, Congo jute, Cousin mahoe, Guaxima, Hibiscus burr, Pink burr, Urena burr • Assamese: সোণবৰলুৱা shonboroluwa, চকামৰা sokamora • Bengali: বন ওকড়া bana okara • Gujarati: વગડાઉ ભીંડો vagadau bhindo • Hindi: बचीता bachita, लपेटवां lapetua, विलायती सन vilaiti san • Kachchhi: સણ ભીંડો san bhindo • Kannada: ದೊಡ್ಡ ಬೆಂಡೆ dodda bende, ಕಾಡು ತುತ್ತಿ kaadu thutthi, ಒಟ್ಟೆ otte • Konkani: तुपकडी tupkadi • Malayalam: ഊർപ്പണം oorppanam, ഊരം uram, ഉത്തിരം uthiram • Manipuri: ꯁꯝꯄꯥꯛꯄꯤ dসমপাকপী sampakpi • Marathi: रान तुपकुडा ran tupkuda, वनभेंडी vanbhendi • Mizo: se-hnap • Nepali: बरियार bariyaar, भेरेझार bherejhaar, डल्ले कुरो dalle kuro, कटहरे कुरो katahare kuro, नालुकुरो naalukuro • Odia: ଜଟଜଟିଆ jatajatia • Sanskrit: अतिबला atibala, बला bala, नागबला nagabala • Tamil: ஒட்டுத்துத்தி ottu-t-tutti • Telugu: నల్ల బెండ nalla benda, పడనికాడ padanikaada, పెద్ద బెండ pedda benda, పిల్లిమంకెన piliyamankena, వన బెండ vana benda • Tulu: ಬೊಳ್ಡು ಉರ್ಕಿ boldu urki • Tangkhul: Phanang Source: Names of Plants in India
Botanical name: Urena lobata    Family: Malvaceae (Mallow family)

Caesarweed is a pantropical weed, having pink flowers like miniature hollyhocks. Many taxonomists now believe it evolved somewhere in Asia. Caesarweed grows to 2 meters in height. The lobed leaves are covered in star-shaped plant hairs which give the leaves a grayish color and raspy feel. The derivation of the common name is uncertain, but may have come from the Latin caesius "bluish-gray" or caesariatus "covered in hair". The ovary of the flower is five-carpellate. If pollinated, each carpel or chamber will produce a seed. The fruit, about a centimeter in diameter, is a flattened globe and dries when mature. It snaps easily from the plant and each of the five wedge-shaped mericarps separate. The outer surface of each mericarp is covered with glochids, minute hooked spines that cling to fabrics and fur and tangle in hair. It is also found in the Himalayas, till 1800 m altitudes.

Identification credit: Vaibhav, Navendu Pāgé Photographed in Imphal, Manipur & Andaman & Nicobar.

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