Autumn Olive   
Foto info
Autumn Olive
ative Photo: Nidhan Singh
Common name: Autumn Olive • Hindi: Giwain, Kankal • Manipuri: ꯍꯩꯌꯥꯢ হৈযাঈ Heiyai • Nepali: गुएली Guenlee
Botanical name: Elaeagnus parvifolia    Family: Elaeagnaceae (Oleaster family)
Synonyms: Elaeagnus umbellata var. parvifolia, Elaeagnus salicifolia

Autumn Olive is a small tree or shrub, often spiny. The small white (fading to yellow) flowers have a sickly-sweet aroma. The leaves are densely covered with silvery scales beneath and have scattered silvery scales above. The petioles and young branchlets are also covered with silvery scales. Leaves are 2-9 cm long, 0.8-3 cm broad, elliptic-oblong to oblong-lanceolate, blunt ot pointed, dull green above, with peltate and stellate hairs, lower surface sometimes with ferruginous scales. Leaf-stalks are 2-6 mm long. Fruit is 8-9 mm long, elliptic-ovoid, succulent, covered with scales when young, endocarp not hard, 8-ribbed, woolly within. Autumn Olive is found in the Himalayas, from Kashmir to Bhutan, Assam and W. China, at altitudes of 1300-3000 m.

Identification credit: D.S. Rawat
Photographed in Chakrata, Uttarakhand.
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